Aim of this year’s campaign is to convince people not to take antibiotics without the advice of a doctor. Since the discovery of antibiotics, more than 70 years have passed. These medicines have saved a huge number of lives, curing bacterial infections that would otherwise have been fatal. But today, as a result of excessive use of antibiotics, resistance to them is increasing. This means that the bacteria mutate so much that antibiotics no longer have any effect on them. Antibiotics are a valuable resource, so it’s important to get the right recommendations before they are taken. Proper use of antibiotics will not only allow you and your family to get better treatment, but also help reduce the threat of developing resistance to antibiotics.

“The misuse of antibiotics pose a threat to all of us, so patients, healthcare, agriculture and government officials must unite in combating antibiotic resistance through their rational use,” the World Health Organization (WHO) said in a press release, .

Goals of the campaign:

1. To make resistance to antibiotics a health problem that would be recognized throughout the world.

2. Increase the number of people aware of the need to maintain the effectiveness of antibiotics by their proper use.

3. To recognize the fact that individuals, health and agricultural professionals, and government officials all need to join the fight against antibiotic resistance.

4. Promote behavior change and spread information that simple actions can lead to a change in the situation.

Main factors:

1. Resistance to antibiotics today is one of the most dangerous threats for humanity, development and food security.

2. Resistance to antibiotics can affect any person of any age.

3. Acquisition of resistance to antibiotics is a natural process, however, improper use of antibiotics and their improper administration to animals significantly speed up this process.

4. More and more infectious diseases – for example, pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhea and salmonellosis – have become difficult to cure, due to a decrease in the effectiveness of antibiotics.

5. The consequence of acquiring resistance is a longer period of hospitalization, increased medical costs and mortality among the population.

Resolving the problem of antibiotic resistance is a priority for WHO. In May 2015, the World Health Assembly approved a Global Plan of Action aimed at reducing the development of antimicrobial resistance. The Global Plan of Action aims to provide prevention and treatment of infectious diseases through safe and effective medicines.

WHO is implementing several initiatives aimed at addressing the problem of antimicrobial resistance:

The Global Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (GLASS)

This system, which is provided by WHO, is based on a standardized approach to collecting, analyzing and exchanging data related to antimicrobial resistance globally. These data are used to make decisions at the local, national and regional levels.

The Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP)

By 2023, it is planned to develop and market up to four new medicines by improving existing antibiotics and accelerating the development of new antibiotics.

WHO together with partners developed a number of materials to raise awareness of the need to maintain the effectiveness of antibiotics, more information on links: