October 12, many countries celebrate World Arthritis Day, which is held annually on the initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO) since 1996.
The World Day Against Arthritis, due to the seriousness of this problem, is becoming more relevant every year. In the framework of this day, particular attention is paid to the prevention of disease and activities that help to better coordinate the actions in tandem: the patient is a doctor. Currently, in more than 35 countries on October 12, various events will take place, the goal of which is to unite the efforts of patients and medical workers for fruitful cooperation aimed at combating arthritis.
The main goals of this Day are to draw attention of the general public around the world to the problem of rheumatological diseases, raise awareness about arthritis in all its forms, unite the efforts of doctors, patients and the public towards addressing prevention, early diagnosis, medical and social rehabilitation of patients with this ailment.
Arthritis is a serious inflammatory disease of the joint or of several joints, which, in the absence of treatment, leads not only to pain and movement restriction, but also to disability and loss of ability to work. The causes of the disease are different, often arthritis occurs with repeated light injuries, open or closed joint damage, with frequent physical overstrain or with a genetic predisposition. In addition, the development of arthritis is provoked by viral and bacterial infections, hypothermia, physical and mental overloads and even excessive smoking. In a number of cases, the factors of origin and mechanisms of the development of the disease have not been elucidated.
The inflammatory process causes a violation of the structure and function of the joints, which leads to the appearance of pain, stiffness, swelling, which ultimately leads to irreversible destruction and disability of the patient.
The most dangerous thing is that all people at risk of the developing this disease – from a baby to an elderly person. But most often rheumatic joint diseases associated with the rapid development of arthritis affect the able-bodied inhabitants of the planet – between the ages of 30 and 50 years. By the way, women suffer from this disease 5 times more often than a men. And not always joint diseases can be recognized immediately because of their “concealment” and “disguise,” and in the future they require long and constant medical supervision and treatment, and patients – rehabilitation and social adaptation.
Therefore, underestimation of the importance of the problem associated with pain in the joints and spine leads to late treatment of patients to the doctors and, as a consequence, a reduction in the chances of recovery of patients or remission, an increased risk of disability.
To date, joint disease has become literally a global problem. According to WHO, every tenth person suffers from arthritis. It is important to remember that only early diagnosis and timely treatment can prevent severe consequences for the patient with arthritis. According to doctors, with early diagnosis and individually selected treatment, arthritis can be cured. The diagnosis of arthritis is a very important step to recovery, and modern methods of treatment can significantly improve the quality of life of patients. And although the causes of the development of arthritis are diverse, doctors agree that the best remedy for arthritis is prevention. To reduce the risk of developing the disease, you can, if you follow a few tips: more often to go outdoors, give up bad habits, lead a healthy lifestyle, do not neglect exercise and proper nutrition. And all this – regardless of age and occupation of man. After all, it is not a secret that the body’s ability to resist illness depends on the general physical condition and emotional balance.